Le « Guide to ethnohistorical sources », ressource indispensable sur les manuscrits méso-américains

Tout lecteur intéressé par les manuscrits mexicains précolombiens et coloniaux a sans doute consulté le Guide to ethnohistorical sources publié par les presses de l’université du Texas entre 1972 et 1975 sous la responsabilité éditoriale de Howard F. Cline (1915–1971), qui fut directeur, de 1952 à son décès, de la Hispanic Foundation de la Library of Congress.

L’action d’Howard F. Cline en faveur des études méso-américaines incita la Conference on Latin American History (http://clah.h-net.org/) à créer en 1976, le « Howard F. Cline Prize »1 pour récompenser tous les deux ans le meilleur livre sur l’ethnohistoire latino-américaine2.

Dans le même esprit, en 2017, la Latin American Studies Association (https://lasaweb.org/en/) créa le Howard F. Cline Book Prize in Mexican History3.

En réalité, cette série de 4 volumes fait partie d’un ensemble plus vaste. En effet, le Guide to ethnohistorical sources est une sous-collection du Handbook of Middle American Indians édité par le Middle American research institute de La Nouvelle-Orléans, et qui comprend en tout 16 volumes. Le Handbook of Middle American Indians était produit sous la responsabilité éditoriale de l’archéologue Robert Wauchope (1909-1979) de l’Université de Tulane.

Sans doute a-t-il été produit comme un complément du Handbook of South American Indians, sous la direction de Julian H. Steward et du Handbook of North American Indians, sous la direction de William C. Sturtevant, tous deux de la Smithsonian Institution.

Handbook of Middle American Indians : comptes rendus

Dès 1965, dans Science, Richard B. Woodbury affirmait qu' »Il ne fait aucun doute que, tout comme le Handbook of South American Indians, cette synthèse monumentale fournira une base solide pour de nouvelles généralisations et stimulera d’autres recherches pour combler les lacunes qui apparaîtront dans les connaissances et la compréhension ».

Stephen A. Colston indiquait que « depuis la parution du premier volume du Handbook of Middle American Indians en 1964, c’est de loin la couverture la plus complète et la plus érudite des cultures autochtones de toutes les régions des Amériques ».

Les anthropologues Joyce Marcus et Ronald Spores se sont livrés à un regard rétrospectif sur cette collection.

  • Woodbury, Richard B., « Handbook of Middle American Indians », Science, 1965, vol. 148, n° 3671, p. 798-800. Disponible en ligne, url : <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1716362>.
  • Berthe, J.-P., « Un ouvrage fondamental : le ‘Handbook of Middle American Indians’ », Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 1966, vol. 21, n° 1, 1966, p. 229-230. Disponible en ligne, url : <https://www.jstor.org/stable/27576567>.
  • Feldman, Lawrence H., « Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources, Part 2. Howard F. Cline and John B. Glass, eds. Handbook of Middle American Indians, 13. Robert Wauchope, gen. ed. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1973. xii + 427 pp., figures, tables, appendixes, references. $20.00 (cloth) », American Anthropologist, 1976, vol. 78, p. 166-167. Disponible en ligne, url : <https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1525/aa.1976.78.1.02a00850>.
  • Colston, Stephen A., « The Americas », The Americas, 1977, vol. 33, n° 4, p. 679-680. Disponible en ligne, url : <https://www.jstor.org/stable/980885>.
  • Marcus, Joyce ; Spores, Ronald, « The Handbook of Middle American Indians: A Retrospective Look », American Anthropologist, 1978, New Series, march, vol. 80, n° 1, p. 85-100. Disponible en ligne, url : <https://www.jstor.org/stable/673513>.

Handbook of Middle American Indians : dépouillement

1, Natural Environment and Early Cultures / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Robert C. West, volume editor, 1964, 1 vol. (570 p.) : ill.; 26 cm.

This is the first volume of the monumental Handbook of Middle American Indians, a definitive encyclopaedia of the environment, archaeology, ethnology, social anthropology, ethnohistory, linguistics, and physical anthropology of the native peoples of Mexico and Central America. The Handbook was published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). This volume of the Handbook was edited by Dr. Robert C. West (1913–2001), Boyd Professor of Geography at Louisiana State University, an outstanding authority on Latin America. He was formerly cultural geographer for the Smithsonian Institution.

Included in this first volume are chapters written by leading authorities in various fields of the natural and social sciences that are concerned with the natural environment of Middle America, its role in the shaping of Indian cultures, the earliest primitive hunters of this area, the beginnings of agriculture, and the broad patterns of prehistoric civilizations there.

There are articles on the geohistory and paleogeography of Middle America, its surface configuration and associated geology, hydrography, the American Mediterranean, oceanography and marine life along the Pacific coast, weather and climate, natural vegetation, the soils and their relation to the Indian peoples and cultures, fauna , the natural regions of Middle America, the primitive hunters, the food-gathering and incipient agricultural stage of prehistoric Middle America, origins of agriculture there, and the patterns of farming life and civilization.

  • 1. Geohistory and Paleogeography of Middle America (Manuel Maldonado-Koerdell)
  • 2. Surface Configuration and Associated Geology of Middle America (Robert C. West)
  • 3. The Hydrography of Middle America (Jorge L. Tamayo, in collaboration with Robert C. West)
  • 4. The American Mediterranean (Albert Collier)
  • 5. Oceanography and Marine Life along the Pacific Coast (Carl L. Hubbs and Gunnar I. Roden)
  • 6. Weather and Climate of Mexico and Central America (Jorge A. Vivó Escoto)
  • 7. Natural Vegetation of Middle America (Philip L. Wagner)
  • 8. The Soils of Middle America and their Relation to Indian Peoples and Cultures (Rayfred L. Stevens)
  • 9. Fauna of Middle America (L. C. Stuart)
  • 10. The Natural Regions of Middle America (Robert C. West)
  • 11. The Primitive Hunters (Luís Aveleyra Arroyo de Anda)
  • 12. The Food-gathering and Incipient Agriculture Stage of Prehistoric Middle America (Richard S. MacNeish)
  • 13. Origins of Agriculture in Middle America (Paul C. Mangelsdorf, Richard S. MacNeish, and Gordon R. Willey)
  • 14. The Patterns of Farming Life and Civilization (Gordon R. Willey, Gordon F. Ekholm, and René F. Millon)
  • References
  • Index

2-3, Archaeology of Southern Mesoamerica, Parts One and Two / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Gordon R. Willey, volume editor, 1965, 2 vol. (VIII-VIII-1084 p.) : ill., carte dépl. ; 27 cm

Archaeology of Southern Mesoamerica comprises the second and third volumes in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). The volume editor is Gordon R. Willey (1913–2002), Bowditch Professor of Mexican and Central American Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University.

Volumes Two and Three, with more than 700 illustrations, contain archaeological syntheses, followed by special articles on settlement patterns, architecture, funerary practices, ceramics, artifacts, sculpture, painting, figurines, jades, textiles, minor arts, calendars, hieroglyphic writing, and native societies at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Guatemala highlands, the southern Maya lowlands, the Pacific coast of Guatemala, Chiapas, the upper Grijalva basin, southern Veracruz, Tabasco, and Oaxaca.

  • Volume 2
    • 1. Archaeological Synthesis of the Guatemalan Highlands (Stephan F. Borhegyi)
    • 2. Settlement Patterns of the Guatemalan Highlands (Stephan F. Borhegyi)
    • 3. Architecture of the Guatemalan Highlands (A. Ledyard Smith)
    • 4. Pottery of the Guatemalan Highlands (Robert L. Rands and Robert E. Smith)
    • 5. Preclassic Pottery Figurines of the Guatemalan Highlands (Alfred V. Kidder)
    • 6. Classic and Postclassic Pottery Figurines of the Guatemalan Highlands (Robert L. Rands)
    • 7. Artifacts of the Guatemalan Highlands (Richard B. Woodbury)
    • 8. Archeological Survey of the Pacific Coast of Guatemala (Edwin M. Shook)
    • 9. Archaeological Survey of the Chiapas Coast, Highlands, and Upper Grijalva Basin (Gareth W. Lowe and J. Alden Mason)
    • 10. Sculpture of the Guatemala-Chiapas Highlands and Pacific Slopes, and Associated Hieroglyphs (S. W. Miles)
    • 11. Summary of Preconquest Ethnology of the Guatemala-Chiapas Highlands and Pacific Slopes (S. W. Miles)
    • 12. Archaeology and Prehistory in the Northern Maya Lowlands: an Introduction (E. Wyllys Andrews)
    • 13. Archaeological Synthesis of the Southern Maya Lowlands (J. Eric S. Thompson)
    • 14. Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Maya Lowlands (Gordon R. Willey and William R. Bullard, Jr.)
    • 15. Architecture of the Maya Lowlands (Harry E. D. Pollock)
    • 16. Tombs and Funerary Practices of the Maya Lowlands (Alberto Ruz Lhuillier)
    • 17. Caches and Offertory Practices of the Maya Lowlands (William R. Coe)
    • 18. Sculpture and Major Arts of the Maya Lowlands (Tatiana Proskouriakoff)
    • 19. Pottery of the Maya Lowlands (Robert E. Smith and James C. Gifford)
    • 20. Pottery Figurines of the Maya Lowlands (Robert L. Rands and Barbara C. Rands)
  • Volume 3
    • 21. Jades of the Maya Lowlands (Robert L. Rands)
    • 22. Garments and Textiles of the Maya Lowlands (Joy Mahler)
    • 23. Artifacts of the Maya Lowlands (William R. Coe)
    • 24. Calendrics of the Maya Lowlands (Linton Satterthwaite)
    • 25. Maya Hieroglyphic Writing (J. Eric S. Thompson)
    • 26. Lowland Maya Native Society at Spanish Contact (Ralph L. Roys)
    • 27. Archaeological Synthesis of Southern Veracruz and Tabasco (Michael D. Coe)
    • 28. Monumental Sculpture of Southern Veracruz and Tabasco (Matthew W. Stirling)
    • 29. The Olmec Style and its Distribution (Michael D. Coe)
    • 30. The Olmec Region at Spanish Contact (France V. Scholes and Dave Warren)
    • 31. Archaeological Synthesis of Oaxaca (Ignacio Bernal)
    • 32. Preclassic and Classic Architecture of Oaxaca (Jorge R. Acosta)
    • 33. Architecture in Oaxaca after the End of Monte Alban (Ignacio Bernal)
    • 34. Sculpture and Mural Painting of Oaxaca (Alfonso Caso)
    • 35. Ceramics of Oaxaca (Alfonso Caso and Ignacio Bernal)
    • 36. Lapidary Work, Goldwork, and Copperwork from Oaxaca (Alfonso Caso)
    • 37. Zapotec Writing and Calendar (Alfonso Caso)
    • 38. Mixtec Writing and Calendar (Alfonso Caso)
    • 39. The Zapotec and Mixtec at Spanish Contact (Ronald Spores)
  • References
  • Index

4, Archaeological Frontiers and External Connections / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Gordon F. Ekholm and Gordon R. Willey, volume editors, 1966, 1 vol. ([II-] 367 p.) : ill., cartes dont 1 dépl. ; 27 cm 

Archaeological Frontiers and External Connections is the fourth volume in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). Volume editors are Gordon R. Willey (1913–2002), Bowditch Professor of Mexican and Central American Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, and Gordon F. Ekholm (1909–1987), Associate Curator of Mexican Archaeology of the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

This volume presents an intensive study of matters of significance in various areas: archaeology and ethnohistory of the Northern Sierra, Sonora, Lower California, and northeastern Mexico; external relations between Mesoamerica and the southwestern United States and eastern United States; archaeology and ethnohistory of El Salvador, western Honduras, and lower Central America; external relations between Mesoamerica and the Caribbean area, Ecuador, and the Andes; and the case for and against Old World pre-Columbian contacts via the Pacific. Many photographs accompany the text.

  • 1. Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Northern Sierra (Charles C. DiPeso)
  • 2. Archaeology of Sonora, Mexico (Alfred E. Johnson)
  • 3. Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Lower California (William C. Massey)
  • 4. Archaic Cultures Adjacent to the Northeastern Frontiers of Mesoamerica (Walter W. Taylor)
  • 5. Mesoamerica and the Southwestern United States (J. Charles Kelley)
  • 6. Mesoamerica and the Eastern United States in Prehistoric Times (James B. Griffin)
  • 7. Archaeological Survey of El Salvador (John M. Longyear, III)
  • 8. Archaeological Survey of Western Honduras (John B. Glass)
  • 9. Archaeology of Lower Central America (S. K. Lothrop)
  • 10. Synthesis of Lower Central American Ethnohistory (Doris Stone)
  • 11. Mesoamerica and the Eastern Caribbean Area (Irving Rouse)
  • 12. Mesoamerica and Ecuador (Clifford Evans and Betty J. Meggers)
  • 13. Relationships between Mesoamerica and the Andean Areas (Donald W. Lathrap)
  • 14. The Problem of Transpacific Influences in Mesoamerica (Robert Heine-Geldern)
  • 15. The Role of Transpacific Contacts in the Development of New World Pre-Columbian Civilizations (Philip Phillips)
  • References
  • Index

5, Linguistics / Norman A. McQuown, volume editor , 1967, 1 vol. (402 p.) : carte dépl. ; 27 cm

This volume, the fifth in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, presents a summary of work accomplished since the Spanish conquest in the contemporary description and historical reconstruction of the indigenous languages and language families of Mexico and Central America.

The essays include the following: “Inventory of Descriptive Materials” by William Bright; “Inventory of Classificatory Materials” by Maria Teresa Fernández de Miranda, “Lexicostatistic Classification” by Morris Swadesh, “Systemic Comparison and Reconstruction” by Robert Longacre, and “Environmental Correlational Studies” by Sarah C. Gudschinsky.

Sketches of Classical Nahuatl by Stanley Newman, Classical Yucatec Maya by Norman A. McQuown, and Classical Quiché by Munro S. Edmonson provide working tools for tackling the voluminous early postconquest texts in these languages of late preconquest empires (Aztec, Maya, Quiché). Further sketches of Sierra Popoluca by Benjamin F. Elson, of Isthmus Zapotec by Velma B. Pickett, of Huautla de Jiménez Mazatec by Eunice V. Pike, of Jiliapan Pame by Leonardo Manrique C., and of Huamelultec Chontal by Viola Waterhouse—together with those of Nahuatl, Maya, and Quiché—provide not only descriptive outlines of as many different linguistic structures but also linguistic representatives of seven structurally different families of Middle American languages. Miguel Léon-Portilla presents an outline of the relations between language and the culture of which it is a part and provides examples of some of these relations as revealed by contemporary research in indigenous Middle America.

The volume editor, Norman A. McQuown (1914–2005), was Professor of Anthropology at The University of Chicago. He formerly taught at Hunter College and served with the Mexican Department of Indian Affairs. He carried out fieldwork with Totonac, Huastec, Tzeltal-Tzotzil, Mame, and other tribes.

  • 1. History of Studies in Middle American Linguistics (Norman A. McQuown)
  • 2. Inventory of Descriptive Materials (William Bright)
  • 3. Inventory of Classificatory Materials (María Teresa Fernández de Miranda)
  • 4. Lexicostatistic Classification (Morris Swadesh)
  • 5. Systemic Comparison and Reconstruction (Robert Longacre)
  • 6. Environmental Correlational Studies (Sarah C. Gudschinsky)
  • 7. Type Linguistic Descriptions
    • A. Classical Nahuatl (Stanley Newman)
    • B. Classical Yucatec (Maya) (Norman A. McQuown)
    • C. Classical Quiche (Munro S. Edmonson)
    • D. Sierra Popoluca (Benjamin F. Elson)
    • E. Isthmus Zapotec (Velma B. Pickett)
    • F. Huautla de Jiménez Mazatec (Eunice V. Pike)
    • G. Jiliapan Pame (Leonardo Manrique C.)
    • H. Huamelultec Chontal (Viola Waterhouse)
  • 8. Language-in-Culture Studies (Miguel León-Portilla)
  • References

6, Social Anthropology / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Manning Nash, volume editor, 1967, 1 vol. (VII-597 p.) : ill. ; 27 cm

Social Anthropology is the sixth volume in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). The volume editor is Manning Nash (1924–2001), Professor of Anthropology at the Center for Study of Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago.

This volume provides a synthetic and comparative summary of native ethnography and ethnology of Mexico and Central America, written by authorities in a number of broad fields: the native population and its identification, agricultural systems and food patterns, economies, crafts, fine arts, kinship and family, compadrinazgo, local and territorial units, political and religious organizations, levels of communal relations, annual and fiesta cycles, sickness, folklore, religion, mythology, psychological orientations, ethnic relationships, and topics of especial modern significance such as acculturation, nationalization, directed change, urbanization and industrialization.

The articles rely on the accumulated ethnography of the region, but instead of being essentially historical in treatment, they aim toward generalizations about the uniformities and varieties of culture, society, and personality found in Middle America. The collection is an invaluable reference work on Middle America and a provocative guide to scholars engaged in furthering understanding of humans and society.

  • 1. Introduction (Manning Nash)
  • 2. Indian Population and Its Identification (Anselmo Marino Flores)
  • 3. Agricultural Systems and Food Patterns (Angel Palerm)
  • 4. Settlement Patterns (William T. Sanders)
  • 5. Indian Economies (Manning Nash)
  • 6. Contemporary Pottery and Basketry (George M. Foster)
  • 7. Lacquer (Katharine D. Jenkins)
  • 8. Textiles and Costume (A. H. Gayton)
  • 9. Drama, Dance, and Music (Gertrude Prokosch Kurath)
  • 10. Play: Games, Gossip, and Humor (Munro S. Edmonson)
  • 11. Kinship and Family (A. Kimball Romney)
  • 12. Compadrinazgo (Robert Ravicz)
  • 13. Local and Territorial Units (Eva Hunt and June Nash)
  • 14. Political and Religious Organizations (Frank Cancian)
  • 15. Levels of Communal Relations (Eric R. Wolf)
  • 16. Annual Cycle and Fiesta Cycle (Ruben E. Reina)
  • 17. Sickness and Social Relations (Richard N. Adams and Arthur J. Rubel)
  • 18. Narrative Folklore (Munro S. Edmonson)
  • 19. Religious Syncretism (William Madsen)
  • 20. Ritual and Mythology (E. Michael Mendelson)
  • 21. Psychological Orientations (Benjamin N. Colby)
  • 22. Ethnic Relationships (Julio de la Fuente)
  • 23. Acculturation (Ralph L. Beals)
  • 24. Nationalization (Richard N. Adams)
  • 25. Directed Change (Robert H. Ewald)
  • 26. Urbanization and Industrialization (Arden R. King)
  • References
  • Index

7-8, Ethnology, Parts One and Two / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Evon Z. Vogt, volume editor, 1969, 2 vol. (VIII-VII-965 p.- [8] f. de dépl.) : ill. ; 27 cm 

Ethnology comprises the seventh and eighth volumes in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). The editor of the Ethnologyvolumes is Evon Z. Vogt (1918–2004), Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Social Relations, Harvard University.

These two books contain forty-three articles, all written by authorities in their field, on the ethnology of the Maya region, the southern Mexican highlands and adjacent regions, the central Mexican highlands, western Mexico, and northwest Mexico. Among the topics described for each group of Indians are the history of ethnological investigations, cultural and linguistic distributions, major postcontact events, population, subsistence systems and food patterns, settlement patterns, technology, economy, social organization, religion and world view, aesthetic and recreational patterns, life cycle and personality development, and annual cycle of life.

The volumes are illustrated with photographs and drawings of contemporary and early historical scenes of native Indian life in Mexico and Central America.

  • Volume 7
    • 1. Introduction (Evon Z. Vogt)
    • Section I: The Maya
      • 2. The Maya: Introduction (Evon Z. Vogt)
      • 3. Guatemalan Highlands (Manning Nash)
      • 4. The Maya of Northwestern Guatemala (Charles Wagley)
      • 5. The Maya of the Midwestern Highlands (Sol Tax and Robert Hinshaw)
      • 6. Eastern Guatemalan Highlands: The Pokomames and Chorti (Ruben E. Reina)
      • 7. Chiapas Highlands (Evon Z. Vogt)
      • 8. The Tzotzil (Robert M. Laughlin)
      • 9. The Tzeltal (Alfonso Villa Rojas)
      • 10. The Tojolabal (Roberta Montagu)
      • 11. Maya Lowlands: The Chontal, Chol, and Kekchi (Alfonso Villa Rojas)
      • 12. The Maya of Yucatan (Alfonso Villa Rojas)
      • 13. The Lacandon (Gertrude Duby and Frans Blom)
      • 14. The Huastec (Robert M. Laughlin)
    • Section II: Southern Mexican Highlands and Adjacent Coastal Regions
      • 15. Southern Mexican Highlands and Adjacent Coastal Regions: Introduction (Ralph L. Reals)
      • 16. The Zapotec of Oaxaca (Laura Nader)
      • 17. The Chatino (Gabriel DeCicco)
      • 18. The Mixtec (Robert Ravicz and A. Kimball Romney)
      • 19. The Trique of Oaxaca (Laura Nader)
      • 20. The Amuzgo (Robert Ravicz and A. Kimball Romney)
      • 21. The Cuicatec (Roberto J. Weitlaner)
      • 22. The Mixe, Zoque, and Popoluca (George M. Foster)
      • 23. The Huave (A. Richard Diebold, Jr.)
      • 24. The Popoloca (Walter A. Hoppe, Andrés Medina, and Roberto J. Weitlaner)
      • 25. The Ichcatec (Walter A. Hoppe and Roberto J. Weitlaner)
      • 26. The Chocho (Walter A. Hoppe and Roberto J. Weitlaner)
      • 27. The Mazatec (Roberto J. Weitlaner and Walter A. Hoppe)
      • 28. The Chinantec (Roberto J. Weitlaner and Howard F. Cline)
      • 29. The Tequistlatec and Tlapanec (D. L. Olmsted)
      • 30. The Cuitlatec (Susana Drucker, Roberto Escalante, and Roberto J. Weitlaner)
  • Volume 8
    • Section III: Central Mexican Highlands
      • 31. Central Mexican Highlands: Introduction (Pedro Carrasco)
      • 32. The Nahua (William Madsen)
      • 33. The Totonac (H. R. Harvey and Isabel Kelly)
      • 34. The Otomi (Leonardo Manrique C.)
    • Section IV: Western Mexico
      • 35. The Tarascans (Ralph L. Beals)
    • Section V: Northwest Mexico
      • 36. Northwest Mexico: Introduction (Edward H. Spicer)
      • 37. The Huichol and Cora (Joseph E. Grimes and Thomas B. Hinton)
      • 38. The Southern Tepehuan and Tepecano (Carroll L. Riley)
      • 39. The Northern Tepehuan (Elman R. Service)
      • 40. The Yaqui and Mayo (Edward H. Spicer)
      • 41. The Tarahumara (Jacob Fried)
      • 42. Contemporary Ethnography of Baja California, Mexico (Roger C. Owen)
      • 43. Remnant Tribes of Sonora: Opata, Pima, Papago, and Seri (Thomas B. Hinton)
  • References
  • Index

9, Physical Anthropology / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; T. Dale Stewart, volume editor, 1970, 1 vol. (VIII-296 p.) : ill., dépl. ; 27 cm 

Physical Anthropology is the ninth volume in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). The volume editor is T. Dale Stewart (1901–1997), senior physical anthropologist of the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, former director of its Museum of Natural History, and a past president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

The articles in this volume, together with illustrations, tabular data, bibliographies, and index, constitute an invaluable reference work on the human biology of Middle America and its relationships to human society and culture.

  • 1. History of Physical Anthropology in Middle America (Juan Comas)
  • 2. Preceramic Human Remains (Arturo Romano)
  • 3. Anthropometry of Late Prehistoric Human Remains (Santiago Genovés T.)
  • 4. Dental Mutilation, Trephination, and Cranial Deformation (Javier Romero)
  • 5. Pre-Hispanic Osteopathology (Eusebio Dávalos Hurtado)
  • 6. Anthropometry of Living Indians (Johanna Faulhaber)
  • 7. Distribution of Blood Groups (G. Albin Matson)
  • 8. Physiological Studies (D. F. Roberts and Marshall T. Newman)
  • 9. Skin, Hair, and Eyes
    • A. Introduction (T. D. Stewart)
    • B. Dermatoglyphics (Marshall T. Newman)
    • C. Microscopic Study of Hair (Mildred Trotter and Oliver H. Duggins)
    • D. Color of Eyes and Skin (T. D. Stewart)
  • 10. Physical Plasticity and Adaptation (T. D. Stewart)
  • 11. Pathology of Living Indians as Seen in Guatemala (Nevin S. Scrimshaw and Carlos Tejada)
  • 12. Psychobiometry of Mexican Indians (Javier Romero)
  • References
  • Index

10-11, Archeaology of Northern Mesoamerica / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Gordon F. Ekholm and Ignacio Bernal, volume editors, 1971, 2 vol.(VIII-903 p.-dépl.) : ill. ; 28 cm 

Archaeology of Northern Mesoamerica comprises the tenth and eleventh volumes in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, published in cooperation with the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University under the general editorship of Robert Wauchope (1909–1979). Volume editors of Archaeology of Northern Mesoamerica are Gordon F. Ekholm and Ignacio Bernal. Gordon F. Ekholm (1909–1987) was curator of anthropology at The American Museum of Natural History, New York, and a former president of the Society for American Archaeology. Ignacio Bernal (1910–1992), former director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, was director of the Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico and also a past president of the Society for American Archaeology.

Volumes 10 and 11 describe the pre-Aztec and Aztec cultures of Mexico, from central Veracruz and the Gulf Coast, through the Valley of Mexico, to western Mexico and the northern frontiers of these ancient American civilizations.

The thirty-two articles, lavishly illustrated and accompanied by bibliography and index, were prepared by authorities on prehistoric settlement patterns, architecture, sculpture, mural painting, ceramics and minor arts and crafts, ancient writing and calendars, social and political organization, religion, philosophy, and literature. There are also special articles on the archaeology and ethnohistory of selected regions within northern Mesoamerica.

  • Volume 10
    • 1. Settlement Patterns in Central Mexico (William T. Sanders)
    • 2. Pre-Columbian Architecture of Central Mexico (Carlos R. Margain)
    • 3. Major Sculpture in Pre-Hispanic Central Mexico (Henry B. Nicholson)
    • 4. Mural Painting in Central Mexico (Agustín Villagra Caleti)
    • 5. Preclassic or Formative Pottery and Minor Arts of the Valley of Mexico (Román Piña Chan)
    • 6. Ceramics of the Classic Period in Central Mexico (Carmen Cook de Leonard)
    • 7. Minor Arts of the Classic Period in Central Mexico (Carmen Cook de Leonard)
    • 8. Postclassic Pottery of the Central Valleys (Robert Chadwick)
    • 9. Minor Arts in the Central Valleys (Eduardo Noguera)
    • 10. Utilitarian Artifacts of Central Mexico (Paul Tolstoy)
    • 11. Basketry and Textiles (Irmgard Weitlaner Johnson)
    • 12. Writing in Central Mexico (Charles E. Dibble)
    • 13. Calendrical Systems of Central Mexico (Alfonso Caso)
    • 14. Social Organization of Ancient Mexico (Pedro Carrasco)
    • 15. Structure of the Aztec Empire (Charles Gibson)
    • 16. Religion in Pre-Hispanic Central Mexico (Henry B. Nicholson)
    • 17. Philosophy in Ancient Mexico (Miguel León-Portilla)
    • 18. Pre-Hispanic Literature (Miguel León-Portilla)
  • Volume 11
    • 19. The Peoples of Central Mexico and Their Historical Traditions (Pedro Carrasco)
    • 20. Native Pre-Aztec History of Central Mexico (Robert Chadwick)
    • 21. Archaeology of Central Veracruz (José García Payón)
    • 22. Cultural Ecology and Settlement Patterns of the Gulf Coast (William T. Sanders)
    • 23. Classic Art of Central Veracruz (Tatiana Proskouriakoff)
    • 24. Archaeological Synthesis of the Sierra (Richard S. MacNeish)
    • 25. Ancient Sources on the Huasteca (Guy Stresser-Péan)
    • 26. Ethnohistory of Guerrero (Herbert R. Harvey)
    • 27. Archaeological Synthesis of Guerrero (Robert H. Lister)
    • 28. Ethnohistoric Synthesis of Western Mexico (Donald D. Brand)
    • 29. Archaeological Synthesis of Michoacan and Adjacent Regions (Robert Chadwick)
    • 30. Archaeology of Nayarit, Jalisco, and Colima (Betty Bell)
    • 31. Archaeology of Sinaloa (Clement W. Meighan)
    • 32. Archaeology of the Northern Frontier: Zacatecas and Durango (J. Charles Kelley)
  • References
  • Index

Guide to ethnohistorical sources

1, Austin : University of Texas press, [1972], 1 vol. (XIV-462 p.) : cartes, 1 plan dépl. ; 28 cm. – (Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 12).

  • Foreword
  • Abbreviations
  • Introduction: Reflections on Ethnohistory / Howard F. Cline
  • 1. Introductory Notes on Territorial Divisions of Middle America / Howard F. Cline, p. 17–62
    • Areas and Subdivisions
      • Principal Area
    • Modern and Colonial Jurisdictions
      • Political Jurisdictions
      • Audiencias: Politico-Judicial Jurisdiction
      • Archdiocese and Dioceses: Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction
      • Summary
    • Mexican States and Their Municipios
    • Appendix: Gazetteer and Atlas of Mexican Municipios in the Principal Area, 1950
  • 2. Colonial New Spain, 1519-1786: Historical Notes on the Evolution of Minor Political Jurisdictions / Peter Gerhard, p. 63–137
    • I. Nueva España
    • II. Nueva Galicia
    • III. Nueva Vizcaya: Provincias Internas
    • IV. Nayarit
    • V. Sinaloa
    • VI. Californias
    • VII. Nuevo Mexico
    • VIII. Coahuila
    • IX. Texas
    • X. Nuevo Leon
    • XI. Nuevo Santander
    • XII. Panuco
    • XIII. Tabasco
    • XIV. Isla del Carmen
    • XV. Yucatan
    • XVI. Guatemala
    • XVII. Chiapa
    • XVIII. Soconusco
    • XIX. Honduras
    • XX. Nicaragua
    • XXI. Costa Rica
    • XXII. San Salvador
  • 3. Viceroyalty to Republics, 1786-1952: Historical Notes on the Evolution of Middle American Political Units / Howard F. Cline, p. 138–165
    • Late Colonial Mexico
      • The Intendancy System in New Spain
      • Provincias Internas
      • Summary
    • The Mexican Empire, 1821-23
    • Republic of Mexico: Federalist Constitution, 1824-35
    • Republic of Mexico: Centralist Constitutions, 1836-46
    • Republic of Mexico: Return to Federalism, 1846-53
    • Republic of Mexico: Centralist Epilogue, 1853-56
    • Republic of Mexico: Stabilization, 1857-1902
    • Republic of Mexico: Twentieth Century
    • Late Colonial Central America, 1785-1821
    • Central America after Independence
      • Territorial and Jurisdictional Changes
  • 4. Ethnohistorical Regions of Middle America / Howard F. Cline, p. 166–182
    • Northern Mexico
    • Western Mexico
    • Central Mexico
    • Oaxaca Region
    • Southeastern Mexico and Guatemala
    • Central America
    • Final Note
  • 5. The Relaciones Geográficas of the Spanish Indies, 1577-1648 / Howard F. Cline, p. 183–242
    • Administrative History
      • Juan de Ovando and Juan López de Velasco
      • The 1577 Questionnaire
      • Replies
      • The Corpus
      • The Relaciones Geográficas of New Spain
      • Lost Items
      • Summary
      • Colonial Lists and Inventories
      • Dispersal of the Corpus
    • Repositories
      • Archivo General de Indias
      • University of Texas
      • Royal Academy of History
      • Lost Items
      • Summary
    • Geographical Coverage
      • Northern Mexico
      • Western Mexico
      • Central Mexico
      • Oaxaca Region
      • Southeastern Mexico and Guatemala
    • Summary Conclusions
    • Epilogues
      • The 1604 Program
      • Interrogation of 1648
      • Demographic Survey, 1679-83
      • Summary
    • Appendix A: Cedula, May 25, 1577
    • Appendix B: Instruction and Memorandum for Preparing the Reports … of the Indies …
    • Appendix C: Questionnaire, 1577
    • Appendix D: Juan López de Velasco Relación, 1583
    • Appendix E: Antonio de León Pinelo Memoria, [1630?]
  • 6. The Pinturas (Maps) of the Relaciones Geográficas, with a Catalog / Donald Robertson, p. 243–278
    • History
    • Analysis
      • Content
      • Glasses
      • Materials
      • Artistic Style
    • Artists
    • Chronological and Other Relationships
      • Relationship to Texts
      • Relationship to Prototypes
    • Lost Pinturas
    • Problems and Summary
    • Catalog of Pinturas of the Relaciones Geográficas by Donald Robertson and Martha Barton Robertson
  • 7. The Relaciones Geográficas, 1579-1586: Native Languages / H. R. Harvey, p. 279–323
    • Classifications
    • Group I: Uto-Aztecan Languages
      • Mexicano
      • Nahua Bilingualism
      • Regional Dialects and Extinct Uto-Aztecan Languages
    • Group II: Macro-Otomanguean Languages
      • Otomi
      • Mazahua
      • Matlatzinca
      • Chichimec
      • Oaxaca
      • Mixtec
      • Cuicatec
      • Amuzgo
      • Popolocan: Chocho, Popoloca, Mazatec
      • Zapotec
      • Chinantec
    • Group III: Macro-Mayan Languages
      • Yucatec Maya
      • Chontal
      • Guatemalan Μayance Dialects
      • Zoque, Mixe, Huave
      • Totonac
    • Group IV: Tarascan
    • Group V: Hokaltecan
      • Tlapanec
      • Chontal of Oaxaca (Tequistlatecan))
    • Group VI: Unclassified and Extinct Languages
      • Cuitlatec
      • Tepuztec (Tlacotepehua))
      • Costa Grande Languages
      • Costa Chica Languages
      • Chontal and Tuxtec of Guerrero
      • Guerrero Mazatec and Ixcuca
      • Coastal Michoacan
      • Jalisco
    • Linguistic Acculturation
    • Extent and Distribution of Nahua
    • Appendix A: A Bibliographical Note on 16th-Century Linguistic Publications concerning New Spain
    • Appendix B: Languages Listed in the Relaciones Geográficas: Distribution by Communities
  • 8. A Census of the Relaciones Geográficas of New Spain, 1579–1612 / Howard F. Cline, p. 324–369
  • 9. The Relaciones Geográficas of Spain, New Spain, and the Spanish Indies: An Annotated Bibliography / Howard F. Cline, p. 370–395
  • 10. The Relaciones Geográficas of Mexico and Central America, 1740-1792 / Robert C. West, p. 396–452
    • Relaciones Geográficas of 1743–46
      • Questionnaire
      • Replies
      • Corpus and Geographical Coverage
      • Repository
      • Summary
    • Relaciones Geográficas of 1777–78
      • Questionnaire
      • Replies
      • Corpus and Geographical Coverage
      • Repositories
      • Published Relaciones Geográficas
      • Summary
    • Relaciones Geográficas of 1789–92
      • Questionnaire (Appendix D))
      • Replies
      • Geographical Coverage
      • Repositories
    • Minor 18th-Century Surveys
      • Survey of Central America, 1740–41
      • Survey by the Inquisition, 1754
      • Survey of Nueva Galicia, 1772–79
      • “Revenue” Series, 1788–89
      • “Indian Pueblo” Series of Michoacan, 1788–89
      • Pineda Survey, 1791
      • “Padrones” or Census Series, 1791–94
      • “Toponym” Series, 1792–94
    • Conclusion
    • Appendix A: Royal Cedula Authorizing the Geographical Survey of 1743–46 in Mexico
    • Appendix B: Questionnaire for the Geographical Survey of 1743–46 in Mexico
    • Appendix C: Questionnaire for 1777–78 RG’s in Mexico Compiled by Antonio de Ulloa
    • Appendix D: Questionnaire for 1789–92 RG’s
    • Epilogue by Howard F. Cline
  • References
Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 12

2, Austin : University of Texas press, cop. 1973, 1 vol. (XII-427 p.) : ill., fac-sim. ; 28 cm. – (Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 13).

  • Abbreviations
  • 11. Published Collections of Documents Relating to Middle American Ethnohistory / Charles Gibson
    • Evolution of Documentary Collections
      • Spain
      • New Spain and Mexico
      • Central America
    • Documentary Collections Published before 1810
      • Legislative Compendia
      • Other Collections
    • Documentary Collections of the 19th Century
      • Mexican
      • Spanish
      • French
      • Other European
      • United States
    • Colecciones de Documentos Inéditos
      • Historia de España
      • Collections Relating to Spanish America
      • Documentos inéditos… de Indias
      • Documentos inéditos… de ultramar
      • Documentos… Ibero-América
    • Large General Collections of the 20th Century
      • Peñafiel
      • García Pimentel
      • Paso y Troncoso
      • Documentos inéditos ó muy raros
      • Biblioteca histórica
      • Epistolario de Nueva España
      • AGN Publications
      • Mexico Colonial
      • Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications
      • Colección Chimalistac
      • Hakluyt Society
      • Vargas Rea Publications
    • Other Modern Documentary Collections and Series on Special Topics: Colonial Period
      • Institutional Publications
      • Anthologies of Documents
      • Native Literature
      • Conquest Literature
      • Heraldry and Genealogy
      • Missionary Efforts
      • Indian Tribute and Labor
      • Law and Legislation
      • Other Social and Economic Topics
      • Regions
    • Modern Publications: Postcolonial Period
      • Independence and General
      • Later 19th Century and Mexican Revolution
      • Church, Law, Legislation
      • Local Regions and Areas
      • Topics
    • Modern Journals and Additional Miscellaneous Series
      • MNA Anales
      • AGN Boletín
      • Other Journals and Series
      • Marginal Collections
    • References
  • 12. An Introductory Survey of Secular Writings in the European Tradition on Colonial Middle America, 1503–1818 / J. Benedict Warren, p. 42–137
    • Earliest Accounts
    • General Works
      • Official Chroniclers
      • Other General Works by Spaniards
      • General Works by Northern Europeans
      • Colonial Travelers in Middle America
    • Discovery and Conquest of Mexico
      • Exploratory Expeditions
      • Eyewitness Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico
      • Derivative Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico
    • Central Mexico
      • Sixteenth Century
      • Seventeenth Century
      • Eighteenth Century
      • Nineteenth Century
    • Northern and Western Mexico
    • Southern Mexico
    • Yucatan
    • Central America
      • Early Southern Central America
      • Early Northern Central America
      • Later Writings
      • Other Writings
    • Bibliography
  • 13. Religious Chroniclers and Historians: A Summary with Annotated Bibliography / Ernest J. Burrus, S.J.
    • General Observations and Background
    • Biobibliographical Sources
      • General
      • Franciscans
      • Dominicans
      • Augustinians
      • Jesuits
    • Chronicles and Histories, by Orders
      • Franciscans (O.F.M.)
      • Dominicans (O.P.)
      • Augustinians (O.S.A.)
      • Jesuits (S.J.)
      • Mercedarians (O.Merc.)
    • Epilogue
    • Annotated Bibliography
  • 14. Bernardino de Sahagún, 1499–1590
    • A. Sahagún and His Works / Luis Nicolau d’Olwer and Howard F. Cline, p. 186-206
      • Plans and Methods
      • Evolution of “Historia general”
        • Nahuatl Documentation and Drafts
        • “Historia general”: Nahuatl
        • “Historia general”: Spanish and Bilingual Texts
      • Works About the Nahuatl Language
        • “Arte”
        • “Historia general”
        • “Vocabulario trilingüe”
      • The “Postilla,” or Doctrinal Encyclopedia
        • Coloquios and Doctrina
        • Chronicle
        • Postilla
        • Epistolas
        • Adiciones
        • Apéndice
        • Comments
      • Books of Songs and Prayers
        • Cantares
        • Manual del Cristiano
      • Evaluation
    • B. Sahagún’s “Primeros memoriales” Tepepulco / H. B. Nicholson, p. 207–217
      • “Primeros memoriales”: Paso y Troncoso Reconstruction
      • Descriptions
      • Discussion
    • C. Sahagún Materials and Studies / Howard F. Cline, p. 218–239
      • Publications
      • General Plans
      • National and International Trends
        • Germany
        • France
        • United States
        • Mexico
        • Spain
        • International
      • Topical Writings and General Studies
      • “Historia general”: Translations and Studies
      • Minor Texts
      • References
  • 15. Antonio de Herrera, 1549–1625 / Manuel Ballesteros Gaibrois, p. 240–255
    • Works
    • “Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos”
      • Coverage
      • Sources
      • Methods
      • Editions
    • Conclusions
    • Appendix A: Herrera, Selected Works
    • Appendix B: Herrera, Selections Related to Middle America
    • References
  • 16. Juan de Torquemada, 1564–1624 / José Alcina Franch, p. 256–275
    • Works
      • “Monarquía indiana”
      • Minor Works
    • Sources
      • Native Sources
      • Spanish Language Sources
    • The Problem of Plagiarism
    • Evaluation
    • Appendix A: Torquemada, Works
    • Appendix B: Tentative Chronological Outline of the Biography of Torquemada
    • References
  • 17. Francisco Javier Clavigero, 1731–1787 / Charles E. Ronan, S.J., p. 276–297
    • “Storia antica”: Publishing History
    • “Storia antica”: Description of the Work
    • Clavigero’s Sources
    • Evaluation
    • Appendix: Clavigero, Historical Works
    • References
  • 18. Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, 1814–1874 / Carroll Edward Mace, p. 298–325
    • Principal Monographic Works
    • Discovery and Publication of Sources
    • Evaluation
    • Appendix A: Brasseur de Bourbourg, Writings
    • Appendix B: Brasseur de Bourbourg’s Translation of Maya Signs
    • References
  • 19. Hubert Howe Bancroft, 1832–1918 / Howard F. Cline, p. 326–347
    • Plans and Methods
    • Format
    • Authorship
    • The Corps of Writers and their Contribution to “Native Races”
    • Evaluation
    • Appendix A: Bancroft, Principal Works
    • Appendix B: Selected References to Biobibliographies, Topical Bibliographies, and Extended Notes in Bancroft’s “Works”
    • References
  • 20. Eduard Georg Seler, 1849–1922 / H. B. Nicholson, p. 348–369
    • Mesoamerican Ethnohistorical Investigations
    • Major Publications
      • Native Language Texts: Translations and Commentaries
      • Western Mesoamerican Native-Tradition Pictorials: Interpretations
      • Mayanist Researches
      • Ethnographic and Culture-Historical Syntheses
    • Evaluation
    • Appendix: Seler, Selected Writings of Ethnohistorical Interest
    • References
  • 21. Selected Nineteenth-Century Mexican Writers on Ethnohistory / Howard F. Cline, p. 370–403
    • Carlos María Bustamante, 1774–1848
      • Works
      • Evaluation
    • José Fernando Ramírez, 1804–1871
      • The Ramírez Collections
      • Publications
    • Manuel Orozco y Berra, 1810–1881
      • “Historia antigua y de la conquista de México”
      • “Historia de la dominación española en México”
      • Other Writings
      • Evaluation
    • Joaquín García Icazbalceta, 1825–1894
      • The Collection
      • Works
    • Alfredo Chavero, 1841–1906
      • Edited Works
      • Biobibliographies
      • Commentaries and Studies
      • “Historia antigua”
      • Summary and Evaluation
    • Francisco del Paso y Troncoso, 1842–1916
      • The European Mission
      • The Sahagún Corpus
      • Plans for the “Papeles de Nueva España”
      • Paso y Troncoso’s Execution of the Plans
      • Repatriation of the Paso y Troncoso Collection
      • Later Developments and Publications of the “Papeles de Nueva España”
      • Evaluation
  • Appendix A: Bustamante, Selected Writings of Ethnohistorical Interest
  • Appendix B: Ramírez, Selected Writings of Ethnohistorical Interest
  • Appendix C: Orozco y Berra, Selected Writings of Ethnohistorical Interest
  • Appendix D: García Icazbalceta, Selected Writings of Ethnohistorical Interest
  • Appendix E: Chavero, Selected Writings of Ethnohistorical Interest
  • Appendix F: Paso y Troncoso, Selected Writings and Publications of Ethnohistorical Interest
  • References
Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 13

3, Austin : University of Texas press, cop. 1975, 1 vol. (X-310 p.- [94] p. de pl.) : ill. ; 28 cm. – (Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 14).

  • 22. A Survey of Native Middle American Pictorial Manuscripts / John B. Glass, p. 3–80
    • Nomenclature and Format Terminology
    • Picture and Hieroglyphic Writing
    • Origins of the Extant Manuscripts
      • Preconquest Survivals
      • Spanish Patronage
      • Native Colonial
      • Mixed Colonial
    • Research and Publication
    • Guides and Bibliographies
    • Classification
      • Ritual-Calendrical Manuscripts
      • Historical Manuscripts
      • Genealogical Manuscripts
      • Cartographic Manuscripts
      • Cartographic-historical Manuscripts
      • Economic Manuscripts
      • Ethnographic Manuscripts
      • Miscellaneous and Unclassified Manuscripts
      • Unavailable Manuscripts
    • Regional Survey
      • Western Mexico
      • Central Mexico
      • The Borgia Group
      • State of Oaxaca
      • Southeastern Mexico and Guatemala
  • 23. A Census of Native Middle American Pictorial Manuscripts / John B. Glass in collaboration with Donald Robertson, p. 81–252
  • 24. Techialoyan Manuscripts and Paintings, with a Catalog / Donald Robertson, p. 253–280
    • Material of the Manuscripts
    • Format
    • Content
    • Purpose
    • Location
    • Style
    • Date of the Techialoyan Manuscripts
    • Importance of the Techialoyan Group
    • Catalog of Techialoyan Manuscripts and Paintings by Donald Robertson and Martha Barton Robertson
  • 25. A Census of Middle American Testerian Manuscripts / John B. Glass, p. 281–296
  • 26. A Catalog of Falsified Middle American Pictorial Manuscripts / John B. Glass, p. 297–309
  • Illustrations and maps, 1-103
Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 14

4, Austin : University of Texas press, 1975, 1 vol. (X-724 p.) ; 28 cm. – (Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 15).

  • 27. Prose Sources in the Native Historical Tradition
    • A. A Survey of Middle American Prose Manuscripts in the Native Historical Tradition / Charles Gibson, p. 312–319
      • Excluded Material
      • Historical Texts: Pictorial, Oral, and Prose
      • The Transition to Prose
      • Annals
      • Chronicles
      • History and Prophecy
      • Indian Informants
      • Títulos
    • B. A Census of Middle American Prose Manuscripts in the Native Historical Tradition / Charles Gibson and John B. Glass, p. 322–400
      • Northern and Western Mexico
      • Central Mexico
      • Lowlands Maya
      • Highland Maya
  • 28. A Checklist of Institutional Holdings of Middle American Manuscripts in the Native Historical Tradition / John B. Glass, p. 401–472
  • 29. The Boturini Collection / John B. Glass, p. 473–486
    • The Inventories
    • The Twenty Volumes
    • Traditional Pictorial Manuscripts
    • Techialoyan Manuscripts
    • Testerian Manuscripts
    • Prose Manuscripts
    • Summary
  • 30. Middle American Ethnohistory: An Overview / H. B. Nicholson, p. 487–505
    • Pre-Hispanic Ethnohistory
      • Sources
      • Areal Considerations
      • Major Problems
      • Progress to Date
      • Outstanding Needs
    • Post-Contact Ethnohistory
      • Sources
      • Areal Considerations
      • Major Problems
      • Progress to Date
      • Outstanding Needs
    • Final Observations
  • 31. Index of Authors, Titles, and Synonyms / John B. Glass, p. 506–536
  • 32. Annotated References / John B. Glass, p. 537–724.
Handbook of Middle American Indians ; 15

16, Sources Cited and Artifacts Illustrated / Robert Wauchope, series editor; Margaret A.L. Harrison, volume editor, 1976, 1 vol. (324 p.) ; 28 cm 

Le volume 16 consiste en une bibliographie générale pour toute la série du Handbook of Middle American Indians : Volume 16, Handbook of Middle American Indians. Sources Cited and Artifacts Illustrated / Robert Wauchope, series editor ; Margaret A.L. Harrison, volume editor, Austin : University of Texas press, 1976, 1 vol. (332 p.) ; 28 cm. ISBN 978-1-4773-0689-5

The publication of Volume 16 of this distinguished series brings to a close one of the largest research and documentation projects ever undertaken on the Middle American Indians.

Since the publication of Volume 1 in 1964, the Handbook of Middle American Indians has provided the most complete information on every aspect of indigenous culture, including natural environment, archaeology, linguistics, social anthropology, physical anthropology, ethnology, and ethnohistory. Culminating this massive project is Volume 16, divided into two parts :

  • Part I. Sources Cited (Margaret A. L. Harrison) : listing in alphabetical order of all the bibliographical entries cited in Volumes 1-11. (Volumes 12-15, comprising the Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources, have not been included, because they stand apart in subject matter and contain or constitute independent bibliographical material.)
  • Part II. Location of Artifacts Illustrated (Marjorie S. Zengel) : details the location (at the time of original publication) of the owner of each pre-Columbian American artifact illustrated in Volumes 1-11 of the Handbook, as well as the size and the catalog, accession, and/or inventory number that the owner assigns to the object. The two parts of Volume 16 provide a convenient and useful reference to material found in the earlier volumes.

A partir de 1981, six volumes de supplément furent édités sous la direction de Victoria Reifler Bricker.

Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians

1, Archeology / Jeremy Sabloff, volume editor, Austin : University of Texas press, 1981, 1 vol. (476 p.) : ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN 978-0-292-74441-7

This first volume of the Supplement is devoted to the dramatic changes that have taken place in the field of archaeology. The volume editor, Jeremy A. Sabloff, has gathered together detailed reports from the directors of many of the most significant archaeological projects of the mid-twentieth century in Mesoamerica, along with discussions of three topics of general interest (the rise of sedentary life, the evolution of complex culture, and the rise of cities).

  • General Editor’s Preface (Victoria Reifler Bricker)
  • Volume Editor’s Preface (Jeremy A. Sabloff)
  • I. Introduction1. Recent Researches and Perspectives in Mesoamerican Archaeology: An Introductory Commentary (Gordon R. Willey)
  • II. Some Significant Archaeological Researches of the 1960s and 1970s2. Tehuacan’s Accomplishments (Richard S. MacNeish)
  • 3. The Preceramic and Formative of the Valley of Oaxaca (Kent V. Flannery, Joyce Marcus, and Stephen A. Kowalewski)
  • 4. Monte Alban and After in the Valley of Oaxaca (Richard E. Blanton and Stephen A. Kowalewski)
  • 5. San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan (Michael D. Coe)
  • 6. Ecological Adaptation in the Basin of Mexico: 23,000 B.C. to the Present (William T. Sanders)
  • 7. Teotihuacan: City, State, and Civilization (René Millon)
  • 8. The Historical Importance of Tlaxcala in the Cultural Development of the Central Highlands (Angel García Cook)
  • 9. Tula (Richard A. Diehl)
  • 10. Tikal: An Outline of Its Field Study (1956-1970) and a Project Bibliography (Christopher Jones, William R. Coe, and William A. Haviland)
  • 11. Dzibilchaltun (E. Wyllys Andrews V)
  • III. Topical Syntheses12. The Rise of Sedentary Life (Barbara L. Stark)
  • 13. The Formative Period and the Evolution of Complex Culture (David C. Grove)
  • 14. The Rise of Cities (Richard E. Blanton)
  • Volume Bibliography
  • Index

2, Linguistics / Munro S. Edmonson, ed. ; with the assistance of Patricia A. Andrews, Austin : University of Texas press, 1984, 1 vol. (X-146 p.) ; 28 cm. Bibliogr. p. 143-146. ISBN 0-292-77577-6

This volume, the fifth in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, presents a summary of work accomplished since the Spanish conquest in the contemporary description and historical reconstruction of the indigenous languages and language families of Mexico and Central America.

The essays include the following: “Inventory of Descriptive Materials” by William Bright; “Inventory of Classificatory Materials” by Maria Teresa Fernández de Miranda, “Lexicostatistic Classification” by Morris Swadesh, “Systemic Comparison and Reconstruction” by Robert Longacre, and “Environmental Correlational Studies” by Sarah C. Gudschinsky.

Sketches of Classical Nahuatl by Stanley Newman, Classical Yucatec Maya by Norman A. McQuown, and Classical Quiché by Munro S. Edmonson provide working tools for tackling the voluminous early postconquest texts in these languages of late preconquest empires (Aztec, Maya, Quiché). Further sketches of Sierra Popoluca by Benjamin F. Elson, of Isthmus Zapotec by Velma B. Pickett, of Huautla de Jiménez Mazatec by Eunice V. Pike, of Jiliapan Pame by Leonardo Manrique C., and of Huamelultec Chontal by Viola Waterhouse—together with those of Nahuatl, Maya, and Quiché—provide not only descriptive outlines of as many different linguistic structures but also linguistic representatives of seven structurally different families of Middle American languages. Miguel Léon-Portilla presents an outline of the relations between language and the culture of which it is a part and provides examples of some of these relations as revealed by contemporary research in indigenous Middle America.

The volume editor, Norman A. McQuown (1914–2005), was Professor of Anthropology at The University of Chicago. He formerly taught at Hunter College and served with the Mexican Department of Indian Affairs. He carried out fieldwork with Totonac, Huastec, Tzeltal-Tzotzil, Mame, and other tribes.

The Handbook of Middle American Indians was assembled and edited at the Middle American Research Institute of Tulane University with the assistance of grants from the National Science Foundation and under the sponsorship of the National Research Council Committee on Latin American Anthropology.

  • 1. History of Studies in Middle American Linguistics (Norman A. McQuown)
  • 2. Inventory of Descriptive Materials (William Bright)
  • 3. Inventory of Classificatory Materials (María Teresa Fernández de Miranda)
  • 4. Lexicostatistic Classification (Morris Swadesh)
  • 5. Systemic Comparison and Reconstruction (Robert Longacre)
  • 6. Environmental Correlational Studies (Sarah C. Gudschinsky)
  • 7. Type Linguistic DescriptionsA. Classical Nahuatl (Stanley Newman)
  • B. Classical Yucatec (Maya) (Norman A. McQuown)
  • C. Classical Quiche (Munro S. Edmonson)
  • D. Sierra Popoluca (Benjamin F. Elson)
  • E. Isthmus Zapotec (Velma B. Pickett)
  • F. Huautla de Jiménez Mazatec (Eunice V. Pike)
  • G. Jiliapan Pame (Leonardo Manrique C.)
  • H. Huamelultec Chontal (Viola Waterhouse)
  • 8. Language-in-Culture Studies (Miguel León-Portilla)
  • References

3, Literatures / Munro S. Edmonson, ed. ; with the assistance of Patricia A. Andrews, Austin : University of Texas press, cop. 1985, 1 vol. (X-195 p.) ; 28 cm. Bibliogr. p. 147-169. Index. ISBN 0-292-77593-8

This third volume of the Supplement is devoted to the aboriginal literatures of Mesoamerica, a topic receiving little attention in the original Handbook. According to the general editor, « This volume does more than supplement and update the coverage of Middle American Indian literatures in the Handbook. It breaks new ground by defining the parameters of a new interdisciplinary field in Middle American Indian studies. »

The aim of the present volume is to consider literature from five Middle American Indian languages: Nahuatl, Yucatecan Maya, Quiche, Tzotzil, and Chorti. The first three literatures are well documented for both the Classical and Modern variants of their languages and are obvious candidates for inclusion in this volume. The literatures of Tzotzil and Chorti, on the other hand, are oral, and heretofore little has been written of their genres and styles.

Taken together, these essays represent a substantial contribution to the Handbook series, with the volume editor’s introduction placing in geographic perspective the five literatures chosen as representative of the Middle American literary tradition.

  • General Editor’s Preface (Victoria Reifler Bricker)
  • Introduction (Munro S. Edmonson)
  • Nahuatl Literature (Miguel León-Portilla)
  • Yucatecan Mayan Literature (Munro S. Edmonson and Victoria R. Bricker)
  • Tzotzil Literature (Gary H. Gossen)
  • Quiche Literature (Munro S. Edmonson)
  • Cyclical Patterns in Chorti (Mayan) Literature (John Fought)
  • Bibliography
  • Index

4. Ethnohistory / Ronald Spores, ed. ; with the assistance of Patricia A. Andrews, Austin : University of Texas press, 1986, 1 vol. (VII-232 p.) ; 28 cm. ISBN 0-292-77604-7

This fourth volume of the Supplement is devoted to colonial ethnohistory. Four of the eleven chapters review research and ethnohistorical resources for Guatemala, South Yucatan, North Yucatan, and Oaxaca, areas that received less attention than the central Mexican area in the original Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources (HMAI vols. 12-15).

Six substantive and problem-oriented studies cover the use of colonial texts in the study of pre-colonial Mayan languages; political and economic organization in the valleys of Mexico, Puebla-Tlaxcala, and Morelos; urban-rural relations in the Basin of Mexico; kinship and social organization in colonial Tenochtitlan; tlamemes and transport in colonial central Mexico; and land tenure and titles in central Mexico as reflected in colonial codices.

  • General Editor’s Preface (Victoria Reifler Bricker)
  • 1. Introduction (Ronald Spores)
  • 2. Classic Maya Dynastic Alliance and Succession (James A. Fox and John S. Justeson)
  • 3. Prehispanic Background of Colonial Political and Economic Organization in Central Mexico (Frederic Hicks)
  • 4. Ethnohistory of the Guatemalan Colonial Indian (Robert M. Carmack)
  • 5. The Southern Maya Lowlands during Spanish Colonial Times (Grant D. Jones)
  • 6. Indians in Colonial Northern Yucatan (Nancy M. Farriss)
  • 7. Kinship and Social Organization in Early Colonial Tenochtitlan (Susan M. Kellogg)
  • 8. Socioeconomic Dimensions of Urban-Rural Relations in the Colonial Period Basin of Mexico (Thomas H. Charlton)
  • 9. One Hundred Years of Servitude: Tlamemes in Early New Spain (Ross Hassig)
  • 10. Techialoyan Codices: Seventeenth-Century Indian Land Titles in Central Mexico (H. R. Harvey)
  • 11. Colonial Ethnohistory of Oaxaca (John K. Chance)
  • Reference Abbreviations
  • Bibliography
  • Index

5. Epigraphy / Victoria Bricker, Austin : University of Texas press, 1991, 1 vol. (203 p.) : ill. ; 28 cm. ISBN 978-0-292-74445-5

This volume is designed to recognize the important role that epigraphy has come to play in Middle American scholarship and to document significant achievements in three areas: dynastic history, phonetic decipherment, and calendrics. The book covers four of the major pre-Columbian scripts in the region (Zapotec, Mixtec, Aztec, and Maya) and one that is relatively unknown (Tlapanec).

  • Introduction (Victoria R. Bricker)
  • The Zapotec Writing System (Gordon Whittaker)
  • Mixtec Pictography: Conventions and Contents (Maarten Jansen)
  • The Annals of the Tlapanecs (Constanza Vega Sosa)
  • Aztec Writing (Hanns J. Prem)
  • Noun and Verb Morphology in the Maya Script (Victoria R. Bricker)
  • A New Look at the Dynastic History of Palenque (Linda Schele)
  • Classic Maya History and Politics at Dos Pilas, Guatemala (Stephen D. Houston)
  • The Copan Dynasty (Berthold Riese)
  • The Middle American Calendar Round (Munro S. Edmonson)
  • Bibliography
  • Index

6, Ethnology / John D. Monaghan, vol. ed. ; with the assistance of Barbara W. Edmonson, Austin (Tex.) : University of Texas press, 2000, 1 vol. (VIII-340 p.) : ill. ; 28 cm. Bibliogr. p. 249-327. Index. ISBN 0-292-70881-5 (rel.)

In this Ethnology supplement, anthropologists who have carried out long-term fieldwork among indigenous people review the ethnographic literature in the various regions of Middle America and discuss the theoretical and methodological orientations that have framed the work of areal scholars over the last several decades. They examine how research agendas have developed in relationship to broader interests in the field and the ways in which the anthropology of the region has responded to the sociopolitical and economic policies of Mexico and Guatemala. Most importantly, they focus on the changing conditions of life of the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. This volume thus offers a comprehensive picture of both the indigenous populations and developments in the anthropology of the region over the last thirty years.

  • General Editor’s Preface (Victoria Reifler Bricker)
  • 1. A Retrospective Look at the Ethnology Volumes of the Handbook of Middle American Indians (John D. Monaghan)
  • I. Topical Syntheses
    • 2. Mesoamerican Social Organization and Community after 1960 (Eileen M. Mulhare)
    • 3. Theology and History in the Study of Mesoamerican Religions (John D. Monaghan)
    • 4. Alternative Political Futures of Indigenous People in Mesoamerica (Howard Campbell)
  • II. Regional Syntheses
    • 5. Otomían and Purépechan Cultures of Central Mexico (James W. Dow)
    • 6. Contemporary Cultures of the Gulf Coast (Alan R. Sandstrom)
    • 7. Indigenous Peoples in Central and Western Mexico (Catharine Good)
    • 8. Thirty Years of Oaxacan Ethnography (John D. Monaghan and Jeffrey H. Cohen)
    • 9. The Maya of Chiapas since 1965 (Ulrich Köhler)
    • 10. The Yucatec Maya (Paul Sullivan)
    • 11. Maya and Anthropologists in the Highlands of Guatemala since the 1960’s (John M. Watanabe)
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Conclusion

Malgré son âge, cette série du Guide to ethnohistorical sources, qui reste disponible à la vente auprès des presses de l’université du Texas (https://utpress.utexas.edu/), constitue une précieuse porte d’entrée dans le monde des manuscrits méso-américains, ne serait-ce que pour le recensement et la localisation des manuscrits qui ont survécu.

Handbook of Middle American Indians
  1. Cf. http://clah.h-net.org/?page_id=124 []
  2. Cf. la liste des récipiendiaires : url : <http://clah.h-net.org/?page_id=200>. []
  3. Cf. la liste des récipiendiaires : url : <https://lasaweb.org/en/lasa2020/howard-f-cline-book-prize/>. []

Olivier Jacquot

Coordonnateur de la recherche > Délégation à la Stratégie et à la recherche > Bibliothèque nationale de France

Vous aimerez aussi...

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search