Parution : Fifth Sun : a new history of the Aztecs

Fifth Sun : a new history of the Aztecs
Fifth Sun : a new history of the Aztecs


  • Townsend, Camilla (1965-….). Auteur

Camilla Townsend is Distinguished Professor of History at Rutgers University. She is the author of numerous books, including Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Woman in the Conquest of Mexico, Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma, and The Annals of Native America: How the Nahuas of Colonial Mexico Kept Their History Alive (OUP, 2016), which won multiple prizes, among them the Beveridge Award of the American Historical Association.

Résumé de l’éditeur

In November 1519, Hernando Cortés walked along a causeway leading to the capital of the Aztec kingdom and came face to face with Moctezuma. That story—and the story of what happened afterwards—has been told many times, but always following the narrative offered by the Spaniards. After all, we have been taught, it was the Europeans who held the pens. But the Native Americans were intrigued by the Roman alphabet and, unbeknownst to the newcomers, they used it to write detailed histories in their own language of Nahuatl. Until recently, these sources remained obscure, only partially translated, and rarely consulted by scholars.

For the first time, in Fifth Sun, the history of the Aztecs is offered in all its complexity based solely on the texts written by the indigenous people themselves. Camilla Townsend presents an accessible and humanized depiction of these native Mexicans, rather than seeing them as the exotic, bloody figures of European stereotypes. The conquest, in this work, is neither an apocalyptic moment, nor an origin story launching Mexicans into existence. The Mexica people had a history of their own long before the Europeans arrived and did not simply capitulate to Spanish culture and colonization. Instead, they realigned their political allegiances, accommodated new obligations, adopted new technologies, and endured.

This engaging revisionist history of the Aztecs, told through their own words, explores the experience of a once-powerful people facing the trauma of conquest and finding ways to survive, offering an empathetic interpretation for experts and non-specialists alike.

Compte rendu

Winner of the Cundill History Prize
Foreign Affairs Best Book of 2019

“A revolutionary history.” – Ben Ehrenreich, The Guardian

“Camilla Townsend’s incredibly compact and helpful Fifth Sun will serve equally well professional historians, upper-division undergraduate and graduate students, and the general public.” – Andrae Marak, World History Connected

“This is the best book on the Aztecs yet written, full stop … The value of Fifth Sun lies in how it rescues Aztecs and Nahuas from centuries of colonialist caricature and renders them human again – fully human, with flaws, people capable of brutal violence but also of deep love.” – History Today

“This wonderfully fresh, readable new work invites you to reconsider everything you think you knew about them.” – Jonathan Gordon, All About History

“Shows the Mexica empire in a fresh, thrilling new light.” – Simon Sebag Montefiore, Aspects of History

“Spanning the thirteenth to the seventeenth centuries, this book recreates key moments in the Mexica past as the Mexica themselves experienced and remembered them. We meet real men and women whose actions changed the course of history. We see time as the Mexica did, a sequence of years extending unbroken from mythic origins to intrepid migration to imperial splendor to the challenges of living with the Spanish colonial presence. Never before has the Aztecs’ own epic story been so vividly and engagingly recounted for readers of English.” – Louise M. Burkhart, author of Aztecs on Stage: Religious Theater in Colonial Mexico

“From the initial migration southward, to the second generation after the conquest, Fifth Sun is a masterful account of the history of the Aztecs in their own words. A whole world arises from the pages: vivid, complex, and much closer to us than expected. Townsend’s understanding of the indigenous annals is unmatched, and her book reads like a novel. You simply cannot put it down.” – Caterina Pizzigoni, author of The Life Within: Local Indigenous Society in Mexico’s Toluca Valley, 1650-1800

“Never before has the political history of the Aztecs, who knew themselves as the Mexica, been told with such sweeping élan. Townsend brings keen insight into the motivations of the players, be they seasoned warriors, shackled slaves, or calculating concubines. Her gripping narrative, underscoring Aztec tenacity and endurance before and beyond the Spanish conquest, is sure to captivate readers.” – Barbara Mundy, author of The Death of Aztec Tenochtitlan, the Life of Mexico City

“Camilla Townsend has an unusually profound understanding of Nahua culture, before and during the colonial period. She also has a rare set of research, linguistic, and writing skills. That combination of expertise and talent make her uniquely positioned to offer us a new book on the Aztecs, one that manages to be-despite the plethora of existing studies-both original and mandatory reading. This is a page-turner that is nonetheless packed with new insights and interpretations.” – Matthew Restall, author of When Montezuma Met Cortés: The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History


  • Acknowledgments
  • Mexica Royal Family Tree
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Genghis Khan on Foot
  • Chapter 2: People of the Valley
  • Chapter 3: The City on the Lake
  • Chapter 4: Strangers to Us People Here
  • Chapter 5: A War to End All Wars
  • Chapter 6: Early Days
  • Chapter 7: Crisis: The Indians Talk Back
  • Chapter 8: The Grandchildren
  • Epilogue
  • Notes
  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Index

Informations pratiques

  • Éditeur : New York, NY : Oxford University Press
  • Date de parution : 2019
  • Description matérielle : 1 vol. (XII-320 p.) : ill., carte, tabl. généal. ; 25 cm
  • Bibliogr. p. [289]-307. Notes bibliogr. en fin d’ouvrage. Glossaire. Index
  • ISBN 978-0-19-067306-2 (rel.). – ISBN 5960516473062 (erroné). – ISBN 978-0-19-757766-0 (br.)
  • EAN 9780197577660


  • Absent à la BnF (en 2021)
  • MADRID-Casa de Velázquez
  • PARIS-BIS, Fonds général
  • PARIS-Médiathèque MQB
  • RENNES2-BU Centrale

Citer ce billet
Olivier Jacquot (2021, 7 octobre). Parution : Fifth Sun : a new history of the Aztecs. Amoxcalli. Consulté le 19 juin 2024, à l’adresse

Olivier Jacquot

Chargé de collections : manuscrits des fonds américains, Service des manuscrits ORientaux (SOR), département des Manuscrits (MSS), Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF)

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