Chapitre : Non Destructive In Situ Study of Mexican Codices: Methodology and First Results of Materials Analysis for the Colombino and Azoyu Codices


  • Zetina, S.
  • Ruvalcaba, J. L.
  • Lopez Cáceres, M.
  • Falcón, T.
  • Hernández, E.
  • González, C.
  • Arroyo, E.


Little is known about manuscript writing and painting practices in pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica. Around the world, only 16 codices from pre-Hispanic Mexico survived the Spanish conquest, most of them preserved in European collections. Even though the manufacture of codices was widespread during the post-Classical period (1325–1521 AD), the features of the surviving pre-Hispanic and Early Colonial documents show some technical differences that can be related to local traditions. The only pre-Hispanic codex held at a Mexican Collection is the Colombino Codex from the Mixtec coast in the south of Mexico. Nevertheless, many manuscripts produced in New Spain preserved the indigenous codices traditions and practices. These manuscripts are an outstanding information source in terms of the materials used in the writing and colouring traditions. Usually, organic colours obtained from local plants and carbon inks on calcium-rich preparation layers were employed. However, there are few studies of original manuscripts, carried out on a limited number of samples (Gonzalez Tirado 1998), and scarce information has been made available on this subject to date.

Références bibliographiques

  • Dans : Proceedings of the 37th International Symposium on Archaeometry, 13th – 16th May 2008, Siena, Italy, October 29, 2010, Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer, 2010, p. 349-354.
  • DOI :
  • ISBN 978-3-642-14677-0

Olivier Jacquot

Responsable de la valorisation et des données de la recherche > Coordination de la recherche > Délégation à la stratégie et à la recherche > Bibliothèque nationale de France

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